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RACI Matrix

A RACI matrix is a great tool to help clearly define the roles and responsibilities of each team member. As a project manager, it can help you in delegation and accountability. It is important that you set the expectations of people involved in your project from the outset.

The RACI model is a straightforward tool used for identifying roles and responsibilities and avoiding confusion over those roles and responsibilities during a project. The acronym RACI stands for:

  • Responsible: The person who does the work to achieve the task. They have responsibility for getting the work done or decision made. As a rule this is one person; examples might be a business analyst, application developer or technical architect.
  • Accountable: The person who is accountable for the correct and thorough completion of the task. This must be one person and is often the project executive or project sponsor. This is the role that responsible is accountable to and approves their work.
  • Consulted: The people who provide information for the project and with whom there is two-way communication. This is usually several people, often subject matter experts.
  • Informed: The people kept informed of progress and with whom there is one-way communication. These are people that are affected by the outcome of the tasks, so need to be kept up-to-date.

Without clearly defined roles and responsibilities, it is easy for projects to run into trouble. When people know what management expects of them, it is easier for them to complete their work on time, within budget and to the right level of quality.

A RACI matrix supports the model and is used to discuss, agree and communicate roles and responsibilities.

RACI Tool

Creating a RACI Matrix (step-by-step)

  1. Identify all the tasks involved in delivering the project and list them on the left-hand side of the chart in completion order.
  2. Identify all the project roles and list them along the top of the chart.
  3. Complete the cells of the chart identifying who has the responsibility, accountability and who will be consulted and informed for each task.
  4. Ensure every task has a role responsible and a role accountable for it.
  5. No tasks should have more than one role accountable. Resolve any conflicts where there is more than one for a particular task.
  6. Share, discuss and agree on the RACI Matrix with your stakeholders before your project starts.

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